Ali bin Abi Taalib (RadiyaAllahu 'anhu)

He is Ali bin Abi Taalib – the name of Abu Taalib was Abdi Manaaf- bin Abdil-Mutalib bin Haashim bin Abdi Manaaf. Ameerul Mu’mineen (the leader of the believers), Abul-Hassan Al-Qureishi Al-Haashimi, the first to become Muslim from the youth, the fourth Rightly Guided Caliph, one of the ten promised people to enter paradise, the first cousin of the Prophet and his son in-law, and one of the great scholars of the companions.

He was very knowledgeable of the Quran and the Sunnah- to the extent that Saeed bin Musayib said: “none of the companions used to say ‘ask me’ except Ali bin Abi Taalib”, and Umar (radiyaallah ‘anhu) used to seek Allah’s refugee from a religious dilemma that Ali bin Taalib didn’t have an opinion in it.       

The war flag was always in his hand, he became the caliph after the murder of Uthmaan (may Allah be pleased with him), he narrated from the prophet many ahaadeeth, read the Quran to the Prophet and he approved of his recitation.

He gained martyrdom in the year 40 AH, he was killed by Abdurahman bin Muljim Al-Marwadi on the 27th of Ramadan.      

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